Coverart for item
The Resource [Photograph album of the Italian campaign in Eritrea and Ethiopia, 1935-1936], (graphic)

[Photograph album of the Italian campaign in Eritrea and Ethiopia, 1935-1936], (graphic)

Label
[Photograph album of the Italian campaign in Eritrea and Ethiopia, 1935-1936]
Title
[Photograph album of the Italian campaign in Eritrea and Ethiopia, 1935-1936]
Title variation
A S. A. R. il Principe Filiberto di Savoia Genova, Duca di Pistoia
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Genre
Language
ita
Summary
Six albums, dated May 1936, documenting the northern campaign of the Second Italo-Ethiopian War, as Italian troops under the command of General Emilio De Bono moved into Ethiopia from Eritrea.
Cataloging source
CLU
Characteristic
graphic
Summary expansion
The photos were taken by photographers from the film section for Eastern Africa (Reparto Fotocinematografico A[frica] O[rientale] of the Istituto Luce, a government agency created in 1924 to promote the use of film for informational and instructional use, but which became a powerful tool of propaganda for Mussolini's fascist regime. The albums were most likely created to celebrate the victory in May 1936 of the Italian army over Haile Selassie's Ethiopian Empire, and the resulting annexation of Ethiopia into the newly-created colony of Italian East Africa (Africa Orientale Italiana, or A.O.I.), which also included Eritrea and Italian Somaliland; and were presented by the president of Istituto Luce, Marchese Paulucci di Calboli Barone, to Filiberto di Savoia, duke of Pistoia, probably in honor of the role he played as general of the East African Division of the Italian army and representative of the House of Savoy. Additional sets of the albums were probably prepared for, and inscribed to, other important generals and Fascist officials; at least one other complete set of the albums is known, with the personalized cover title: "A S.E. il Cavaliere Benito Mussolini, Capo del Governo e Duce del Fascismo, Fondatore dell'Impero." Volume 1 begins with photographs of the Italian East African flag (the Italian tricolor bearing the Savoy shield and cross in the middle), and Benito Mussolini addressing troops in Italy, as they prepare to leave for Eritrea in Fall 1935 to begin the Ethiopian campaign. Several photos document the troops embarking from Genoa [?] on the ship "Conte Bianca Mano," and disembarking in Africa, possibly in the port of Mits'iwa on the Red Sea, where provisions, armored cars, oil drums, and railroad cars are unloaded. General De Bono (with his distinctive white goatee) is seen surveying the landscape, mounted on his horse, and consulting with his officers. As Italian troops enter Ethiopia, forced to build roads as they moved through the country towards Addis Ababa, photos document the surrender by Ethiopian tribal chieftains of towns along the way, including Adigrat (Oct. 5), Adwa (Oct. 6), Axum (Oct. 15), and Mek'elē (Nov. 8), where the castle of Emperor Yohannes IV is shown. Mussolini, who wanted a more aggressive campaign, named Marshal Pietro Badoglio to replace De Bono on Nov. 16, 1935. Some troops are seen advancing on foot through rocky desolate terrain, leading mules loaded with weapons and munitions, and firing from positions behind hills, while other troops ride in trucks, Badoglio in an open car. Vol. 3 opens with the visit of Maria José, wife of Umberto II of Italy, to Mits'iwa in April 1936, as she visits the hospital there, dressed in Red Cross uniform. The photos that follow document Badoglio's use of poison gas in Ethiopia beginning in Jan. 1936, with shots of Royal Air Force pilots, gas canisters being loaded onto planes, painted with skull and crossbones labelled "La Disperta", and close-ups of the special sprayers installed on planes to distribute the gas. Vol. 4 contains photos of a field hospital, and camels outfitted with stretchers for transporting the wounded. Included here are additional photos featuring General De Bono, the taking of the city of Axum (Oct. 15, 1935), the Obelisk of Axum visible among the stelae of the city. Vol. 5 documents the arduous advance of Italian troops moving heavy trucks, cars, and supplies through mountains, up hills, across rivers. One photo depicts an official broadside posted outside the Casa del Fascio "Arnaldo Mussolini" in Asmara, Eritrea, announcing the victorious entry of Italian troops into Addis Ababa on May 7, 1936, and is followed by photos of victory rallies in Italy, "L'adunata della vittoria, 5 maggio XIV", and Mussolini announcing the formation of the African empire on May 9, 1936. Vol. 6 contains photos of Addis Ababa following the departure of the Emperor, Haile Selassie, with shots of the streets, some containing dead bodies among the rubble, others patrolled by armored tanks, the empty palace, adorned with paintings of his coronation on the wall, the entrance of trucks and troops into the city. Final shots document Badoglio's return to Italy, and the awarding of medals to various officers by Mussolini. In addition to the formal Luce A.O. photographs, a small photo of Filiberto Di Savoia is affixed to the first leaf in v. 2; two photos are laid in vol. 6: one is a photo of Adalberto di Savoia-Genova, duke of Bergamo, in uniform; the other is a Ghitta Carell portrait postcard of Maria José, princess of Piemonte, in Red Cross uniform, and signed in pen "Maria."
Technique
not applicable
Label
[Photograph album of the Italian campaign in Eritrea and Ethiopia, 1935-1936], (graphic)
Instantiates
Publication
Note
  • Title supplied by cataloger
  • Presentation title on front cover: "A S[ua] A[ltezza] R[eale] il Principe Filiberto di Savoia Genova, Duca di Pistoia. Maggio XIV E. F. Omaggio del Presidente dell'Istituto Nazionale Luce Marchese Paulucci di Calboli Barone."
  • At head of presentation title on front cover: "Istituto Nazionale Luce. Reparto Fotocinematografico A.O."
  • Date from cover: "Maggio XIV E[ra] F[ascista]," which refers to the 14th year of the Fascist regime, established in 1922
  • Photographs (17.6 x 23.6 cm) are mounted on rectos of leaves of heavy black paper, one photo per page; photos are stamped in lower left corner "LUCE A.O.", each photo numbered in pencil on verso
  • Albums bound in blue leather, with ornamental gilt borders, and gold-stamped title on upper cover; covers tied with matching blue leather thong; gold-stamped crest (the Savoy shield and cross) at top; covers lined in bright blue silk, with ornamental gilt inner borders; gold-stamped spine titles "Vol. I[-VI] Eritrea."
  • Part of the Photograph Album Collection (Collection 94) in the Charles E. Young Research Library Department of Special Collections, UCLA
  • For related photos documenting the Ethiopian campaign on the southern front from Italian Somaliland, consult Collection 094 /003
Dimensions
25 x 35 cm (albums)
Extent
6 albums (315 photographic prints)
Note
Spec. Coll. copy: each album in modern beige cloth clamshell box with velcro closure; box spine stamped in black with title "Eritrea."
Other physical details
platinum
System control number
  • (OCoLC)496294706
  • ucoclc496294706
Label
[Photograph album of the Italian campaign in Eritrea and Ethiopia, 1935-1936], (graphic)
Publication
Note
  • Title supplied by cataloger
  • Presentation title on front cover: "A S[ua] A[ltezza] R[eale] il Principe Filiberto di Savoia Genova, Duca di Pistoia. Maggio XIV E. F. Omaggio del Presidente dell'Istituto Nazionale Luce Marchese Paulucci di Calboli Barone."
  • At head of presentation title on front cover: "Istituto Nazionale Luce. Reparto Fotocinematografico A.O."
  • Date from cover: "Maggio XIV E[ra] F[ascista]," which refers to the 14th year of the Fascist regime, established in 1922
  • Photographs (17.6 x 23.6 cm) are mounted on rectos of leaves of heavy black paper, one photo per page; photos are stamped in lower left corner "LUCE A.O.", each photo numbered in pencil on verso
  • Albums bound in blue leather, with ornamental gilt borders, and gold-stamped title on upper cover; covers tied with matching blue leather thong; gold-stamped crest (the Savoy shield and cross) at top; covers lined in bright blue silk, with ornamental gilt inner borders; gold-stamped spine titles "Vol. I[-VI] Eritrea."
  • Part of the Photograph Album Collection (Collection 94) in the Charles E. Young Research Library Department of Special Collections, UCLA
  • For related photos documenting the Ethiopian campaign on the southern front from Italian Somaliland, consult Collection 094 /003
Dimensions
25 x 35 cm (albums)
Extent
6 albums (315 photographic prints)
Note
Spec. Coll. copy: each album in modern beige cloth clamshell box with velcro closure; box spine stamped in black with title "Eritrea."
Other physical details
platinum
System control number
  • (OCoLC)496294706
  • ucoclc496294706

Library Locations

  • Charles E. Young Research LibraryBorrow it
    280 Charles E Young Dr N, Los Angeles, CA, 90095-1575, US
    34.0749691 -118.441466
  • Powell LibraryBorrow it
    120S Election Walk, Los Angeles, CA, 90095-1450, US
    34.0716126 -118.4421809
  • Science and Engineering LibraryBorrow it
    8270 Boelter Hall, Los Angeles, CA, 90095-9810, US
    34.068987 -118.442659
  • UCLA LibraryBorrow it
    Los Angeles, CA, US
  • UCLA Library Special CollectionsBorrow it
    A1713 Charles E. Young Research Library, Los Angeles, CA, 90095-1575, US
    34.0749691 -118.441466
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