Coverart for item
The Resource [Photograph album of the Italian campaign in Somalia and Ethiopia, 1935-1936]

[Photograph album of the Italian campaign in Somalia and Ethiopia, 1935-1936]

Label
[Photograph album of the Italian campaign in Somalia and Ethiopia, 1935-1936]
Title
[Photograph album of the Italian campaign in Somalia and Ethiopia, 1935-1936]
Title variation
A S.A.R. il Principe Filiberto di Savoia Genova, Duca di Pistoia
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Genre
Language
ita
Summary
Two photograph albums, dated May 1936, documenting the southern campaign of the Second Italo-Ethiopian War, as Italian troops under the command of General Rodolfo Graziani moved into Ethiopia from Italian Somaliland.
Cataloging source
CLU
Characteristic
graphic
Runtime
http://bibfra.me/vocab/marc/not-applicable
Summary expansion
The photos were taken by photographers from the film section for Eastern Africa (Reparto Fotocinematografico A[frica] O[rientale] of the Istituto Luce, a government agency created in 1924 to promote the use of film for informational and instructional use, but which became a powerful tool of propaganda for Mussolini's fascist regime. The albums were most likely presented by the president of Istituto Luce, Marchese Paulucci di Calboli Barone, to Prince Filiberto di Savoia (who participated in the Ethopian campaign as commander of the Camicie Nere voluntary militia "23 Marzo") to celebrate the victory in May 1936 of the Italian army over Haile Selassie's Ethiopian Empire, and the resulting annexation of Ethiopia into the newly-created colony of Italian East Africa (Africa Orientale Italiana, or A.O.I.), which also included Eritrea and Italian Somaliland. Volume 1 begins with photographs of the Italian East African flag (the Italian tricolor bearing the Savoy shield and cross in the middle), and General Rodolfo Graziani in his field uniform, followed by an aerial shot of Mogadishu where Graziani arrived in March 1935. Determined to convince Mussolini that the army on the "southern front" should play a more active role rather than the purely defensive one envisioned by Graziani's commanding officer, General Emilio De Bono to the north, in Eritrea, Graziani spent April-December 1935 opening up new roads, developing port facilities, solving water supply problems, stocking up provisions and munitions, and stockpiling hundreds of motor vehicles. Many photos document these activities, showing troops as they unload provisions, oil drums, tanks, trucks, small planes, boats, and steel bars and other construction supplies. Other photos show Italian and native troops engaged in radio operations, stringing barbed wire, digging trenches, creating firing positions behind trees and brush, and overseeing the building of landing strips and roads. The General is often shown consulting with his men, as well as with native commanders of the Italian colonial troops, the Regio Corpo di Truppe Coloniali, which included Eritreans and Libyans. Vol. 2 opens with photographs of a parade and ceremony, possibly in honor of a spring 1936 visit by Maria José, wife of Umberto II of Italy, to the Ospedale Civile "M. Rava", in Mogadishu, attended by military personnel, doctors and nurses of the Red Cross, and religious officials. Many photos document the construction activities undertaken by the Italians as they moved northwards into Ethiopia, with shots of truck convoys and camel trains bringing in supplies, bulldozers, boats, and airfields. Also included are shots of canals, wells, bridges, roads, railway lines, and the Dire Dawa railroad station for the Chemin de Fer Franco-Ethiopien, the rail line that ran from Addis Ababa in Ethiopia, to the French colonial port Djibouti on the Gulf of Aden in French Somaliland. Several photos feature the men of Legione 221 CC. NN. "Fasci italiani all'estero", one of the seven "Camicie Nere" or Black Shirt voluntary militia divisions that fought in the Second Italo-Ethiopian War, in review formation, engaged in field activities, riding in convoys, building roads, driving tanks; one shot portrays a truckload of men of the "Plotone Chimico" of the 6. Division CC. NN. [Camicie Nere], engaged in a drill, wearing gas masks, probably in preparation for the extensive use by Italian forces of poison gas in Ethiopia, beginning in January 1936. Other photos portray native Somalis, as civilians herding cattle and goats, ferrying people in boats across a river, standing in large groups with shovels raised; and as soldiers, in uniform, raising the flag, manning machine gun posts, and advancing on foot with rifles slung across their shoulders (while a photographer crouched on the ground films them). There are also several photos of parades and rallies in Mogadishu--the Cinema Italia in the background--showing support of various Italian labor groups for Mussolini, "La nostra vita e tua Duce."
Technique
not applicable
Label
[Photograph album of the Italian campaign in Somalia and Ethiopia, 1935-1936]
Link
http://oac.cdlib.org/findaid/ark:/13030/c8f190jg/
Instantiates
Publication
Note
  • Title supplied by cataloger
  • Presentation title on front cover: "A S[ua] A[ltezza] R[eale] il Principe Filiberto di Savoia Genova, Duca di Pistoia. Maggio XIV E.F. Omaggio del Presidente dell'Istituto Nazionale Luce Marchese Paulucci di Calboli Barone."
  • At head of presentation title on front cover: "Istituto Nazionale Luce. Reparto Fotocinematografico A.O."
  • Date from cover: "Maggio XIV E[ra] F[ascista]," which refers to the 14th year of the Fascist regime, established in 1922
  • Photographs (17.6 x 23.6 cm) are mounted on rectos of leaves of heavy black paper, one photo per page; photos are stamped in lower left corner "LUCE A.O.", but otherwise lack captions; each photo numbered in pencil on verso
  • Albums bound in blue leather, with ornamental gilt borders, and gold-stamped title on upper cover; covers tied with matching blue leather thong; gold-stamped crest (the Savoy shield and cross) at top; covers lined in bright blue silk, with ornamental gilt inner borders; gold-stamped spine titles "Vol. 1[-2] Somalia."
  • For related photos documenting the Ethiopian campaign on the northern front from Eritrea, consult Collection 094 /004
  • Part of the Photograph Album Collection (Collection 94) in UCLA Library Special Collections, Charles E. Young Research Library, University of California, Los Angeles
Color
black and white
Content category
still image
Content type code
sti
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Dimensions
25 x 35 cm (albums)
Extent
2 albums (106 photographic prints)
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
n
Note
Spec. Coll. copy: each album in modern beige cloth clamshell box with velcro closure.
Other physical details
b&w
Primary support material
paper
Secondary support material
paper
Specific material designation
photoprint
System control number
  • (OCoLC)496294743
  • ucoclc496294743
Label
[Photograph album of the Italian campaign in Somalia and Ethiopia, 1935-1936]
Link
http://oac.cdlib.org/findaid/ark:/13030/c8f190jg/
Publication
Note
  • Title supplied by cataloger
  • Presentation title on front cover: "A S[ua] A[ltezza] R[eale] il Principe Filiberto di Savoia Genova, Duca di Pistoia. Maggio XIV E.F. Omaggio del Presidente dell'Istituto Nazionale Luce Marchese Paulucci di Calboli Barone."
  • At head of presentation title on front cover: "Istituto Nazionale Luce. Reparto Fotocinematografico A.O."
  • Date from cover: "Maggio XIV E[ra] F[ascista]," which refers to the 14th year of the Fascist regime, established in 1922
  • Photographs (17.6 x 23.6 cm) are mounted on rectos of leaves of heavy black paper, one photo per page; photos are stamped in lower left corner "LUCE A.O.", but otherwise lack captions; each photo numbered in pencil on verso
  • Albums bound in blue leather, with ornamental gilt borders, and gold-stamped title on upper cover; covers tied with matching blue leather thong; gold-stamped crest (the Savoy shield and cross) at top; covers lined in bright blue silk, with ornamental gilt inner borders; gold-stamped spine titles "Vol. 1[-2] Somalia."
  • For related photos documenting the Ethiopian campaign on the northern front from Eritrea, consult Collection 094 /004
  • Part of the Photograph Album Collection (Collection 94) in UCLA Library Special Collections, Charles E. Young Research Library, University of California, Los Angeles
Color
black and white
Content category
still image
Content type code
sti
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Dimensions
25 x 35 cm (albums)
Extent
2 albums (106 photographic prints)
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
n
Note
Spec. Coll. copy: each album in modern beige cloth clamshell box with velcro closure.
Other physical details
b&w
Primary support material
paper
Secondary support material
paper
Specific material designation
photoprint
System control number
  • (OCoLC)496294743
  • ucoclc496294743

Library Locations

  • Charles E. Young Research LibraryBorrow it
    280 Charles E Young Dr N, Los Angeles, CA, 90095-1575, US
    34.0749691 -118.441466
  • Powell LibraryBorrow it
    120S Election Walk, Los Angeles, CA, 90095-1450, US
    34.0716126 -118.4421809
  • Science and Engineering LibraryBorrow it
    8270 Boelter Hall, Los Angeles, CA, 90095-9810, US
    34.068987 -118.442659
  • UCLA LibraryBorrow it
    Los Angeles, CA, US
  • UCLA Library Special CollectionsBorrow it
    A1713 Charles E. Young Research Library, Los Angeles, CA, 90095-1575, US
    34.0749691 -118.441466
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