Coverart for item
The Resource [Photograph album of United States Army training camps in the U.S. and bases in New Guinea, Philippines, and Japan during World War II]

[Photograph album of United States Army training camps in the U.S. and bases in New Guinea, Philippines, and Japan during World War II]

Label
[Photograph album of United States Army training camps in the U.S. and bases in New Guinea, Philippines, and Japan during World War II]
Title
[Photograph album of United States Army training camps in the U.S. and bases in New Guinea, Philippines, and Japan during World War II]
Creator
Photographer
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
Photograph album of snapshots taken by U.S. Army Transportation Sgt. John Nelson Smith of Matawan, New Jersey, of Army servicemen at various training camps in the U.S., and in New Guinea, Philippines, and Japan, between 1941 and 1945.
Cataloging source
CLU
Characteristic
picture
Summary expansion
The inclusion of snapshots of the Army postal service operations at each camp represented in the album, and numerous captions designating the postal address of the unit--for example "APO 159," "APO 322" identifying units stationed in New Guinea--suggest that the photographer was a member of the military postal operations staff; prior to his enlistment, Sgt. Smith had been a mail carrier in Matawan for 14 years. Training camps represented in the album include Fort Dix, N.J., Fort George Meade, Md., and Fort Ord, Calif. The photographer documents training activities such as postal operations, setting up a machine gun nest, camouflaging howitzers and gun tractors, gas mask drill, bivouac, triangulation, field artillery band practice, ambulance formation, creating a smoke screen, drilling a well, establishing radio operations, and laying out equipment and furling tents for inspection. There are also many views of the photographer's army buddies, many of whom are identified in the captions, as they engage in daily camp activities of sleeping, bathing, eating, washing clothes, typing and doing paperwork in a tent "office," and generally horsing around. The album also includes photos of the 1941 U.S. Army Maneuvers in Louisiana at Camp Claiborne and Camp Livingston, and in North Carolina, near Wadesboro, the largest ever conducted by the Army, which greatly influenced the American force structure in World War II. These training tests helped develop the combined-arms doctrine used in the war, consisting of infantry-artillery teams supported by independent tank battalions; see "Foreword" by Brig. Gen. Harold W. Nelson in Christopher R. Gabel, The U.S. Army GHQ Maneuvers of 1941 (Washington, D.C.: Center of Military History, United States Army, 1992), page iii. Photos taken near Wadesboro include fields along a country highway, and a young black newspaper boy "Smoky." Several photos show soldiers on leave in Raleigh, N.C. standing in front of a hotel, at the Soldiers' Center in High Point, N.C., and visiting family members nearby. In Wilderness and Glendola, South Carolina, the photographer records the ramshackle cabin of a backwoods family, and a chain gang of black prisoners in striped uniforms sitting on a flatbed truck. There are also many photos of the numerous cats that serve as unit "mascots." In August 1943, the photographer is stationed at Fort Ord, on the Monterey Peninsula in California. Pictured are servicemen at Big Sur Redwoods State Park, Loma Vista Inn in Big Sur, and Church of the Wayfarer in Carmel; San Carlos Mission and pounding surf in Point Lobos. Photographs dated 1944 find the photographer stationed in Milne Bay in Papua, New Guinea ("APO 928"), the site of the first major battle in which Allied troops decisively defeated Japanese land forces. There are also photos of the native people, their palm-roof huts, wooden fishing boats, and women wearing grass skirts. In one photo, a native boy poses between two servicemen holding coconuts from the nearby palms. In another, dated May 1944, the servicemen who staff "APO 322" show off a long string of fish they have caught. There are numerous photos of bare-breasted native women, some with their husbands and children, some gathering coconuts that have fallen to the ground. By December 1944, the photographer is stationed at Sansapor, Western New Guinea ("APO 159"), where Gen. MacArthur's forces landed on the beaches and took control of the two remaining Japanese bases in New Guinea. Photos of January 1945 document the unit's arrival in Luzon, Philippines ("APO 70"), with views of MacArthur's headquarters, native outrigger canoes, a water buffalo cart, horse carriage, and palms on the beach. On the Philippine island of Mindoro ("APO 321") in Feb. 1945, Smith snaps a sugar refinery, the Mindoro Church, the civilian police force headquarters, and a locomotive on a narrow gauge railroad, possibly used for transporting sugar. In Abuyog on the island of Leyte, he records a sidewalk cafe on Santoninio Street, a man offering a fighting cock for sale, Filipino palm houses, native outrigger canoes, and sewage and garbage along a creek running through the town. After the war, in Sept. 1945, Smith is in Aomori, Japan where he photographs Japanese workers, a Japanese mother with a baby strapped to her back, pulling a rickshaw ("jinrikisha") through a field of rubble, another mother pulling her children in a two-wheeled cart, a rice paddy, a hay wagon piled high, and a Japanese shrine. He returns to the United States aboard the Pennant, sailing from Yokohama, Japan on Oct. 25, 1945. The final two photographs show Smith back home in New Jersey: Nov. 17, 1945 in Fort Dix, and Nov. 25, 1945 in front of his home in Matawan, N.J. Tipped in at the back of the album is a Saturday Evening Post magazine cover, illustrated with a Norman Rockwell drawing of a group of servicemen following on the heels of a young private and eyeing the food package from home that he is holding. Smith has identified some of the men in the drawing with the names of his Army buddies. Laid in the album is a postcard, addressed to Sgt. John N. Smith at the Camp Claiborne Post Office, from Pvt. Wm. W. Miller in Fort Lewis, Washington ("APO 309"), postmarked Feb. 28, 1943
Technique
not applicable
Label
[Photograph album of United States Army training camps in the U.S. and bases in New Guinea, Philippines, and Japan during World War II]
Instantiates
Publication
Note
  • Title supplied by cataloger
  • Photographs are mounted on rectos and versos of standard black photo album paper leaves, usually six or nine to a page; photos mounted with paper corners; captions in ink written directly on margins of photographs
  • Bound in brown "faux leather" paper boards; large embossed eagle with wings outstretched on upper cover, within an embossed border of leaves and arabesques; boards secured with brown cord threaded through two pairs of grommets punched along left edges; tipped in at front is manufacturer's advertisement for extra sheets for the "Harlich Photo Album, No. 1477."
  • See the Red Bank [N.J.] Register of March 29, 1945 (pages 4-5) for Sgt. Smith's own account of his trip to the Philippines, in which he describes meeting Mr. Van Scycle, an American Red Cross representative to Smith's outfit, getting to know a local Filipino boy Cirilo Rayos in Luzon, and seeing a native family riding down the beach in a high wheel wooden cart drawn by a water buffalo; the album includes photographs of Van Scycle, the fishing boat of Cirilo's father, and the family in the water buffalo cart
  • Part of the Photograph Album Collection (Collection 94) in Library Special Collections, Charles E. Young Research Library, UCLA
Color
black and white
Dimensions
30 x 39 cm (album)
Extent
1 album (380 photographic prints)
Note
Spec. Coll. copy: in beige cloth clamshell case. Purchased from Between the Covers Rare Books, 2015, for Library Special Collections with funds from the Southeast Asian Studies bibliographer, Jade Alburo.
Other physical details
gelatin silver
Primary support material
paper
Secondary support material
paper
Specific material designation
photoprint
System control number
  • (OCoLC)935745265
  • ucoclc935745265
Label
[Photograph album of United States Army training camps in the U.S. and bases in New Guinea, Philippines, and Japan during World War II]
Publication
Note
  • Title supplied by cataloger
  • Photographs are mounted on rectos and versos of standard black photo album paper leaves, usually six or nine to a page; photos mounted with paper corners; captions in ink written directly on margins of photographs
  • Bound in brown "faux leather" paper boards; large embossed eagle with wings outstretched on upper cover, within an embossed border of leaves and arabesques; boards secured with brown cord threaded through two pairs of grommets punched along left edges; tipped in at front is manufacturer's advertisement for extra sheets for the "Harlich Photo Album, No. 1477."
  • See the Red Bank [N.J.] Register of March 29, 1945 (pages 4-5) for Sgt. Smith's own account of his trip to the Philippines, in which he describes meeting Mr. Van Scycle, an American Red Cross representative to Smith's outfit, getting to know a local Filipino boy Cirilo Rayos in Luzon, and seeing a native family riding down the beach in a high wheel wooden cart drawn by a water buffalo; the album includes photographs of Van Scycle, the fishing boat of Cirilo's father, and the family in the water buffalo cart
  • Part of the Photograph Album Collection (Collection 94) in Library Special Collections, Charles E. Young Research Library, UCLA
Color
black and white
Dimensions
30 x 39 cm (album)
Extent
1 album (380 photographic prints)
Note
Spec. Coll. copy: in beige cloth clamshell case. Purchased from Between the Covers Rare Books, 2015, for Library Special Collections with funds from the Southeast Asian Studies bibliographer, Jade Alburo.
Other physical details
gelatin silver
Primary support material
paper
Secondary support material
paper
Specific material designation
photoprint
System control number
  • (OCoLC)935745265
  • ucoclc935745265

Library Locations

  • Charles E. Young Research LibraryBorrow it
    280 Charles E Young Dr N, Los Angeles, CA, 90095-1575, US
    34.0749691 -118.441466
  • Powell LibraryBorrow it
    120S Election Walk, Los Angeles, CA, 90095-1450, US
    34.0716126 -118.4421809
  • Science and Engineering LibraryBorrow it
    8270 Boelter Hall, Los Angeles, CA, 90095-9810, US
    34.068987 -118.442659
  • UCLA LibraryBorrow it
    Los Angeles, CA, US
  • UCLA Library Special CollectionsBorrow it
    A1713 Charles E. Young Research Library, Los Angeles, CA, 90095-1575, US
    34.0749691 -118.441466
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