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The Resource Clauis sanationis Simonis Ianuensis

Clauis sanationis Simonis Ianuensis

Label
Clauis sanationis Simonis Ianuensis
Title
Clauis sanationis Simonis Ianuensis
Title variation
Clavis sanationis
Creator
Contributor
Printer
Subject
Genre
Language
lat
Summary
Early 16h century edition of the first printed medical dictionary, and the first printed polyglot dictionary of medical terminology and pharmacology in Latin, Greek and Arabic, compiled over three decades in the 13th century by Simon Genuensis (also known as Simon of Genoa, or Simon de Cordo Januensis), physician to popes Nicholas IV and Boniface VIII.
Member of
Cataloging source
NLM
Citation location within source
  • CNCE 68981
  • 4214
  • 6788
  • 6788
Citation source
  • EDIT 16
  • Catalogue of sixteenth century printed books in the National Library of Medicine
  • Morton, L.T. Medical bibliography (Garrison and Morton)
  • Jeremy Norman's HistoryofMedicineandBiology.com
Index
no index present
Language note
In Latin, with some Greek and Arabic terms
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
dictionaries
NLM call number
  • WZ 240
  • Film 81-34 no. 2
NLM item number
S594c 1507
Summary expansion
The dictionary was first published as Synonyma mediciana in Milan in 1473, with subsequent editions in Padua in 1474, and iin Venice in 1486, 1492, and 1498. This edition appears to be the first 16th-century edition. The medical lexicon is important for the study of Roman, Greek, Latin and Arabic philology and lexicography. Most of the entries in the Clavis cover medicinal plans, some describe diseases, surgical instruments or other medical terminology. Simon's interest in linguistic detail is obvious as there are sections entitled "interview" and "known unknowns" where he asks native speakers for advice if he is unsure about the meaning of a word. The dictionary includes some 6500 entries on the drugs (botanical, animal and mineral), diseases, therapies and even surgical equipment known to ancient and medieval medicine in both Europe and the Middle East. It also contains personal anecdotes by the author and the preface notes his 30 years of labor devoted to writing and traveling in search of knowledge. The authorities Simon quotes offer a good idea of what the library of a physician at the beginning of the 13th century might look like. Most of the terms are briefly defined, and longer accounts are given of the more important drugs such as the poppy, taken chiefly from Dioscorides. Arabic and Greek names are about equally divided. No classification of drugs is attempted, but under such terms as "coloris" and "oleum" long lists are given. The excellent ophthalmic definitions are generally taken from Demosthenes. Almost 90 authorities are cited
Label
Clauis sanationis Simonis Ianuensis
Instantiates
Publication
Note
  • Imprint from colophon
  • Signatures: a-m6 n4
  • Last leaf (n4) is blank
  • Woodcuts: large rustic grotesque white initial at beginning of text; smaller ornamental initials
  • Text printed in gothic type, in two columns
  • Clavis sanationis has recently been the subject of detailed academic study, with Barbara Zipser editing a collection of scholarly essays, Simon of Genoa's Medical Lexicon, in 2013, which highlights the importance and value of the work to modern linguists, lexicographers, historians of medicine and pharmacology, as well as to historians of Byzantine and Medieval studies (notably his early attestations of Arabic words in a European context)
  • Not in: Short-title catalogue of books printed in Italy and of Italian books printed in other countries from 1465 to 1600 now in the British Museum; Adams, H.M. Catalogue of books printed on the continent of Europe, 1501-1600, in Cambridge libraries; or Brunet, J.-C. Manuel du libraire et de l'amateur de livres (5e éd.). Bibliotheca Osleriana and Catalogue of printed books in the Wellcome Historical Medical Library list other editions
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Dimensions
30 cm (folio)
Extent
LXXV leaves
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
n
Note
Spec. Coll. copy: bound in 20th-century vellum boards; new endpapers; gold-stamped tan leather spine label with title "Simone Genov. Clavis. Sanat.;" edges stained blue. Contemporary ownership inscription on verso of final leaf begins "D[omi]no Jos[ef] Ant[oni]o Borillo [Bonilla?] .....;" below name are 16th-century notes and doodles. Purchase, Susanne Schulz-Falster Rare Books, 2018.
System control number
  • (OCoLC)14309006
  • ucoclc14309006
Label
Clauis sanationis Simonis Ianuensis
Publication
Note
  • Imprint from colophon
  • Signatures: a-m6 n4
  • Last leaf (n4) is blank
  • Woodcuts: large rustic grotesque white initial at beginning of text; smaller ornamental initials
  • Text printed in gothic type, in two columns
  • Clavis sanationis has recently been the subject of detailed academic study, with Barbara Zipser editing a collection of scholarly essays, Simon of Genoa's Medical Lexicon, in 2013, which highlights the importance and value of the work to modern linguists, lexicographers, historians of medicine and pharmacology, as well as to historians of Byzantine and Medieval studies (notably his early attestations of Arabic words in a European context)
  • Not in: Short-title catalogue of books printed in Italy and of Italian books printed in other countries from 1465 to 1600 now in the British Museum; Adams, H.M. Catalogue of books printed on the continent of Europe, 1501-1600, in Cambridge libraries; or Brunet, J.-C. Manuel du libraire et de l'amateur de livres (5e éd.). Bibliotheca Osleriana and Catalogue of printed books in the Wellcome Historical Medical Library list other editions
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Dimensions
30 cm (folio)
Extent
LXXV leaves
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
n
Note
Spec. Coll. copy: bound in 20th-century vellum boards; new endpapers; gold-stamped tan leather spine label with title "Simone Genov. Clavis. Sanat.;" edges stained blue. Contemporary ownership inscription on verso of final leaf begins "D[omi]no Jos[ef] Ant[oni]o Borillo [Bonilla?] .....;" below name are 16th-century notes and doodles. Purchase, Susanne Schulz-Falster Rare Books, 2018.
System control number
  • (OCoLC)14309006
  • ucoclc14309006

Library Locations

  • Charles E. Young Research LibraryBorrow it
    280 Charles E Young Dr N, Los Angeles, CA, 90095-1575, US
    34.0749691 -118.441466
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  • Science and Engineering LibraryBorrow it
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    34.068987 -118.442659
  • UCLA LibraryBorrow it
    Los Angeles, CA, US
  • UCLA Library Special CollectionsBorrow it
    A1713 Charles E. Young Research Library, Los Angeles, CA, 90095-1575, US
    34.0749691 -118.441466
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